Screen Printing Technique
The printing technique behind most of the t-shirts we wear is screen printing. So what is screen printing? Screen printing basically pastes a layer of colour on top of the garment through a screen. It was first invented in China when they discovered that holding a silk mash over a wooden frame with strategically placed holes left an awesome design on the fabric. It quickly spread to other countries and continents in all over the world. This printing technique has been improved into the beloved screen printing technique that we widely know today.
Advantages of Screen Printing
- Simple and versatile
- A very durable technique that is easily scalable
- Cheap for bulk orders.
Disadvantage of Screen Printing
- Limited colour mixing as the ink is pushed through the screens
- The resolution of the design is also limited
- The printing is a multistep process that involves placing different screens over a shirt in perfect alignment to create the final design.
Direct Printing to Garment
This is a quite new printing technique that started to be developed in the 1990s by a digital image company and it became commercially available in 2005. This printing technique took the printing world by storm. As the name states, this technique prints ink directly into the garments. This technique goes straight into the fiber meaning that when you touch the t-shirts you do not feel the ink on the surface. This technique has extensive colour options and maximum detail in design and easily customizable designs. However, it is not effective for big batches and limited design placement.
Transfer Printing Technique
Originally the method behind this technique is that it transfers an image from one surface to another, permanently. It was mostly used to add decorative details and features to ceramics. The process has now been applied to transfer designs onto t-shirts and other types of garments. You can distinguish transfer printing from other printing techniques because it requires heat to be applied at the end to set the image.
Advantages of Transfer Printing Technique
- Fairly simple and it can produce high quality, complex designs
- One of the best techniques for full colour printing
Disadvantage of Transfer Printing Technique
- Slower than the other procedures
- Limitations onto which type of fabric it can be printed
- Can’t be used on fabrics sensitive to high temperatures
- Could be some restrictions on reproduction of darker shades
Apart from these above techniques, people also use embroidery technique where there is no printing involved but instead a machine stitches a particular design or text onto the garment of choice. It is one of the most used methods for golf shirts and corporate work wear.
Check out more information about Personalised Notebooks from Garment Printing here.